Hard Rock Mining: The process Gold mining is the science, technology, and business of discovering gold, removing it and selling it on the market. Gold can be found in many places. It can even be found in very small quantities in sea water.
Before hard rock mining operations have even begun, companies explore areas where gold may be found and scientifically analyse the rock. The actual gold originates deep within the earth in places called pockets. These pockets are filled with gold, heavy ore, and quartz.
The hardrock mining industry is the single largest source of toxic waste and one of the most destructive industries in the country. Today's industrial-strength mining involves the blasting, excavating, and crushing of many thousands of acres of land and the use of huge quantities of toxic chemicals such as cyanide and sulfuric acid.
Underground hard rock mining refers to various underground mining techniques used to excavate hard minerals such as those containing metals like gold, copper, zinc, nickel and lead or gems such as diamonds. In contrast soft rock mining refers to excavation of softer minerals such as coal, or oil sands.
Underground hard rock mining refers to various underground mining techniques used to excavate hard minerals, usually those containing metals such as ore containing gold, silver, iron, copper, zinc, nickel, tin and lead, but also involves using the same techniques for excavating ores of gems such as diamonds or rubies.
Leaching and Adsorption for Hard Rock Gold Mining The slurry of ground ore and lime moves into a series of six leach tanks where a sodium cyanide solution is added. The tanks provide sufficient retention time to allow the gold and silver to be dissolved by the cyanide solution. Oxygen is added to assist in this process.