1.3.2 Vertical Shaft Impact Crusher 4 1.4 Advantages of Impact crushers 5 1.5 Principle of Operation 5 Chapter 2: Design and Calculation 2.1 Design of V-Belt drive 7 2.2 Design of Shaft 10 2.3 Design of Hammers 14
Crushers are one of the major size reduction equipment that is used in metallurgical, mechanical, and other similar industries. They exist in various sizes and capacities which range from 0.1 ton/hr. to 50 ton/hr. They can be classified based on the degree to which they can fragment the starting material and the way they apply forces.
Compared to compression crushers like jaws and cones, horizontal shaft impactors will accept larger feed sizes, process a higher tonnage and allow excellent control of particle shape and size by simply adjusting the spacing of its internal components. Superior builds more than a dozen HSI models: Maximum feed size up to 31″ (800mm)
How you select your primary crusher will be based on factors like moisture content, maximum rock lump size, material density SG, abrasion index, degradability and it being prone to dusting or not. The crusher capacities given by manufacturers are typically in tons of 2,000 lbs. and are based on crushing limestone weighing loose about 2,700 lbs. per yard3 and having a specific gravity of 2.6 .
Hammermills are common in cement plants, where the top size of the primary crusher output must be a certain size for the next operation. Reduction ratios for this machine are typically 20:1. Hammermills are higher maintenance than the impact crusher due to the higher reduction ratios and the design of the machine.
Impact arms of the crusher are hydraulically adjusted to control the product size output and rate of production and the large cross section of both feed and discharge crusher openings provides free-flow of the material process whilst minimising blocking of any slabby feed materials and clogging at the exit point.