Aluminium foils are used in the food industries for wrapping food. The dust of this metal is used in paints. It is used in the extraction of manganese and chromium from its oxides. As it is a soft metal and it can be moulded into any shape it is used in the manufacturing of storage cans. Aluminium after iron is the most commonly used metal.
Extracting aluminium Aluminium is the most abundant metal on Earth, but it is expensive, largely because of the amount of electricity used in the extraction process. Aluminium ore is called bauxite.
Extraction of Aluminium from Bauxite The science of extracting pure metals by economically effective methods from their ores is called metallurgy. Metallurgy of aluminium or extraction process of aluminium from its ore involves various methods. Mostly aluminium is extracted from its ore called bauxite.
Aluminium is more reactive than carbon so it must be extracted from its compounds using electrolysis. Even though aluminium is more abundant than iron in the Earth's crust, aluminium is more.
Aluminum is extracted from aluminum oxide by a process called electrolysis. First of all, aluminum oxide needs to be in molten form to extract the aluminum ions. Aluminum oxide, however, has a high melting point. Therefore, aluminum oxide is dissolved in molten cryolite.
Ores have usually high traces of metals to be extracted and that’s why these ores are of major importance in metal industry. Table below shows common ores of some metals and their extraction procedures. Bauxite, for example is an ore of aluminium containing around 60 %- 70 % of aluminium and it is usually extracted from this ore.