Neolithic Quern Stone - Quern-stones are stone tools for hand grinding a wide variety of materials. They were used in pairs. The lower, stationary, stone is called a quern, while the upper, mobile, stone is called a handstone. They were first used in the Neolithic to grind cereals into flour
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A Native American grinding stone was a tool used to grind various foods, such as corn or acorns, to prepare them for cooking. The stones were part of a two-piece tool set consisting of a mano and a metate. The large stone metate had a bowl-like hollow that held food.
A mano, a smooth hand-held stone, is used against a metate, typically a large stone with a depression or bowl.The movement of the mano against the metate consists of a circular, rocking or chopping grinding motion using one or both hands.
Grinding stones were mainly used for milling plant seeds into flour or meal. Historic accounts and skeletal analysis indicate they are tools that were used by women. Grinding stones have been in continuous use in some areas of the world for at least 30,000 years.
Grinding and Pounding Stones. These stones are mostly used for gringing purposes. Much of the material that was being ground also required some pounding action. The majority of these tools show this dual use and have surfaces for grinding and surfaces, edges and corners that were used for pounding.
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