The Indonesian coal industry is rather fragmented with only a few big producers and many small players that own coal mines and coal mine concessions (mainly in Sumatra and Kalimantan).
In Indonesia, coal gasification plans are quite far along. State-owned coal miner PT Bukit Asam is looking to build a gasification plant that would start operation in 2023 or 2024, while the country’s largest private coal miner, PT Bumi Resources, plans to invest more than $1 billion into a similar facility.
Coal mining is a difficult, dangerous job, rarely associated with good labour relations. But at one of the largest mines in Indonesia, natural resources are being exploited by a human resources director who puts people first. She enlisted the help of the International Labour Organization in training workers about their rights. As ILO TV now reports, the mine has seen output soar.
Argus Media: Construction resumes at Indonesian coal power plant Monday, 15 February 2021 10:35 Argus Media has reported that the construction of a new 400 MW coal-fired power plant in Indonesia's Aceh regency has resumed after being halted because of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Since the early 1990's Indonesian coal mining in Indonesia has grown dramatically. The World Coal Institute estimates that in 2008 Indonesia mined 246 million tonnes of coal with just over 200 millions tonnes of this exported. 2008 coal exports comprised 173 million tonnes of steam coal and 30 million tonnes of coking coal.
In 2018, coal accounted for 60 percent of Indonesia’s energy mix. Under the government’s latest electricity procurement plan, the installed capacity of coal plants in the country is expected to nearly double over the next decade from the current 28 gigawatts.