Black sand concentrates are what you end up with after first processing of your gold bearing material. It is usually a combination of minerals in the iron group: Hematite, Fe3o3, with a specific gravity of 5.26, an iron mineral that is non-magnetic and Magnetite, Fe3o4, with a specific gravity of 5.20, is magnetic.
When gold found in black sand comes in the form of small nuggets and flakes that aren’t attached to any minerals, they can be sifted and separated through the use of machinery like a shaker table, a process similar to the panning used by gold prospectors. This is by far the easiest way to collect gold.
The clean black sand and fine gold is added to the black sand fines obtained by dredging, sniping, or sluicing for final processing at the end of the prospecting season. At the end of the prospecting year (which for me is late October or early November), I have accumulated something between 20 and 40 pounds of black sand concentrate.
At other times, the only way to separate the gold is to immerse quantities of black sand in chemical baths – a process called wet chemical extraction. The more complex the separation process, the higher the cost becomes of extracting each troy ounce of gold. Is It Worth Extracting Gold from Your Black Sand? Again, the answer is, it depends.
Black sands (mostly iron) can be and usually is an indicator of gold, but not always. Rule of thumb is you will generally find black sand with gold, but not always gold with black sand. However if you are finding gold and getting black sands with it, it would be worthwhile to try some and see what happens.
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