Anglo-Boer/South African War, brought about to some extent by the struggle for control of the goldfields, caused extreme disruptions in the mining industry, and at some stage, mines were closed 1901 The Witwatersrand Native Labour Association (Wenela) set up by gold miners as a recruiting agent for migrant workers
Gold mining Prospectors established in 1886 the existence of a belt of gold-bearing reefs 40 miles (60 km) wide centred on present-day Johannesburg. The rapid growth of the gold-mining industry intensified processes started by the diamond boom: immigration, urbanization, capital investment, and labour migrancy.
Jan Gerrit Bantjes and the Struben brothers unearthed gold on separate occasions in 1884. However, according to South African History Online, these were minor reefs and credit for the discovery of the main reef on Langlaagte Farm went to Australian George Harrison in July 1886.
South Africa has the second-largest reserves of uranium in the world. The Nuclear Fuels Corporation of South Africa (NUFCOR) started processing uranium as a by-product of gold mining in 1967. Most of the uranium produced as a by-product of gold mining is concentrated in the gold fields of the Witwatersrand area.
Mpumalanga, South Africa, the site of the richest gold mine in the world The legacy of the Hindu empire is still reflected in local place names. Based on 15 years of research and his knowledge of Dravidian history, Dr. Hromnik believes that before the time of Christ, Indian traders named Komates, crossed the Indian Ocean in sailing boats manned .
Barberton is both the site of South Africa’s first gold discovery, as well as its first gold mine. And today, gold mining in Barberton is still a valuable centre of high-quality product, even after a century of sustained mining. This Lowveld town in Mpumalanga Province lays approximately 40 km from Mbombela, and 360 km from Johannesburg.
What made South African mining viable was a new technique using cyanidation called the MacArthur Forrest process patented in 1887. By 1898 South African gold output had expanded to 118 tons (3.8 million oz), making it the world's leading producer, and after the interruption of the Boer War it soared to 280 tons (9 million oz) by 1913.