Mining and quarrying can be very destructive to the environment. They have a direct impact on the countryside by leaving pits and heaps of waste material. The extraction processes can also contaminate air and water with sulfur dioxide and other pollutants, putting wildlife and local populations at risk.
This unpublished précis catalogs the environmental impacts commonly associated with mining and quarrying and notes opportunities for increasingly responsible attitudes to the environmental .
activities in karst areas and the effects that those impacts have had on the quality of life. Many human activities can negatively impact karst areas, includ-ing deforestation, agricultural practices, urbanization, tourism, military activities, water exploitation, mining, and quarrying (Drew, 1999) (ﬁ g. 2). Minerals associated with karst have
levels research has clearly shown that making improvements in the quarrying of minerals such as stones has contribute significantly to achieving global development priorities, particularly the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of halving poverty and hunger reduced by 2015.
increase in quarry activities includes, threats to health and safety, displacement of communities, damage of cultural sites. While the mining companies and the government benefits from quarrying activity, host communities suffer from the negative impacts. This has led to persistent conflicts between the quarry operators and the host communities .
Other potential quarrying effects which are of concern to environmentalists include biodiversity loss, land degradation, nuisance effects, reduced plant growth, etc. Particulates are the tiny solid or liquid particles that are suspended in air and which are usually individually invisible to the naked eyes [ 4 ].
In contrast it was found that stone quarrying also contributes towards negative impacts to the community such as degradation of land and vegetation cover, and affects the health of the residents, for example muscle pain among many quarry workers, cough/asthma, eye problem and malaria.