Cement is a powdery, dry substance that makes concrete when it’s mixed with water, gravel, and sand. Instead of buying a bagged mix, you can try making your own cement by obtaining and burning limestone.
Whether you hand mix concrete in a plastic tub, homemade mixing tub or wheelbarrow, the technique is the same to find the right concrete mix ratio. However, it's easier to move and dump concrete that's mixed in a wheelbarrow. For larger jobs, you could rent a mixer ($35 per day), but it may be more economical to simply order ready-mix concrete.
Mix two parts all-purpose sand to one part of cement. Mix either fine or coarse all-purpose sand with the cement in a wheelbarrow with a shovel. You can buy all-purpose sand online or at a hardware store. If you have access to a concrete mixer, you can use that instead of a shovel and wheelbarrow.
When cement or concrete is poured into a mold or form. A cement piece that is made from a mold is a casted object. This textured cement planter was cast in a silicone mold.
Creating Cement for the Concrete. Wearing a respirator and gloves, mash the limestone until it’s a powder. This is known as quicklime. To make cement from quicklime, slowly add water at a ratio of three parts water to one part lime. Once you have the right texture and consistency for your cement, add in the sand and gravel.
The term ‘concrete’ is for a material that is created from a mix of aggregates with a cement that is activated with water. Once it goes through it’s reaction, which usually involves some heat production it ends up almost as hard as stone.